Reftinskaya GRES is a thermal coal-fired power plant with total installed capacity of 3,800 MW. The power plant consists of six 300 MW units and four 500 MW units. The installed thermal capacity is 350 Gcal/h.
Reftinskaya GRES uses Ekibastuz stone coal as a main fuel. Share of Reftinskaya GRES electrical energy output in the total consumed electricity in Sverdlovsk region is about 40%.
Reftinskaya GRES is a thermal coal-fired power plant with total installed capacity of 3,800 MW. The power plant consists of six 300 MW units and four 500 MW units. The installed thermal capacity is 350 Gcal/h. Reftinskaya GRES uses Ekibastuz stone coal as a main fuel.
Reftinskaya GRES supplies electricity to consumers of the Ural region by power output into the Unified Power System of Russia. Share of Reftinskaya GRES electricity output in the total consumed electricity in Sverdlovsk region is about 40%. Theoretically speaking, almost every second bulb in the homes of residents of the Sverdlovsk region, are lit up by electricity generated by Reftinskaya GRES. The power plant provides energy to the industrial areas of Sverdlovsk, Tyumen, Perm and Chelyabinsk regions. Reftinskaya GRES is located in Sverdlovsk region, 100 km northeast from the city of Yekaterinburg, and 18 km from Asbest. Reftinsky town settled with approx. 18 thousand people is located at 2.5 km from the power plant.
History of construction:
Construction of the power plant started in 1963 and was carried out in 2 stages: the first stage received 6 power units of 300 MW each with direct-flow double-furnace boilers with evaporating capacity of 950 t/h; the second stage received 4 power units of 500 MW each with direct flow boilers with evaporating capacity of 1,650 t/h. Construction of the power plant was one of the most important construction projects in the region.
Design of Reftinskaya GRES was entrusted to the Ural branch office of Industry Research Institute “Teploelektroproekt”. Design of Reftinskaya GRES included the best technological solutions of the time together with the entire worldwide experience.
The first unit was synchronised on December 24, 1970 and immediately started to operate at maximum load. The principle of operation with maximum load immediately after installation remained at all another nine 300-500 MW units that were put in operation every year until the rated capacity was reached in 1980. Unit No. 1 was accepted for operation on December 28,1970 by the resolution of the State Commission chaired by V.P. Tranchuk. From that very moment, the power plant started its life. Units No. 2 and 3 were commissioned in 1971. Next year Unit No. 4 was put in operation. In September 1974, Unit No. 5 was started up. And finally in May 1975, Unit No. 6 was commissioned. The power plant capacity has reached 1,800 MW.
It was not feasible to continue construction of 300 MW units, therefore the decision was made to increase the capacity of Reftinskaya GRES using the existing 500 MW units.
It took just a year to build up foundation for all 4 units. At the end of 1977, Unit No. 7 was accepted by the State Commission; and almost immediately construction of steel structures of Unit 8 started. The following Units No. 8 and 9 (500 MW each) were commissioned in late 1978 and 1979 respectively. The last Unit No. 10 was put into operation on December 21, 1980.
On December 22, 1980, in tribute of completion of Reftinskaya GRES construction and reaching the rated capacity of 3,800 MW, a mass demonstration took place, at which B.N. Yeltsin, the First Secretary of the Regional Committee of the Communist Party of the USSR , congratulated the power engineers, and more than two hundred builders, mounters and operators received government awards from his hands. Ilya V. Volfson, Head of the Construction Department of the Ministry of Energy of the USSR, who was in charge of Reftinskaya GRES construction, was awarded the title of the Hero of Socialist Labor.
Reftinskaya GRES Today:
Chimney No. 4 of Reftinskaya GRES (330 m high) is one of highest chimneys in the world.
Ash disposal area No. 1 of 440 ha has been fully decommissioned and reclaimed. A unique project of reclamation of the ash disposal area No. 1 at Reftinskaya GRES was completed in 2007. For the first time in Russia with a unique method of forestation, area of 440 ha was returned into nature. As a result of joint work of scientists of the Botanical Garden of the Ural Regional Office of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, Sukhoy Log Forest Farm and power engineers of Reftinskaya GRES concerning the reclamation (i.e. reproduction of natural resources) of the ash disposal area at the site where the waste was previously disposed, 3 m high pine trees now grow. In 2008, reclamation of the ash disposal area No. 1 at Reftinskaya GRES was recognized as the best environmental project of the year.
Since 2011, Reftinskaya GRES branch of PJSC Enel Russia has been certified in the field of health, safety and environment for the compliance with the international standards OHSAS 18001:2007 “Health and Safety Management System” and ISO 14001:2004 “Environmental Management System”.
Validity of the HSE Integrated Management System (HSE IMS) certificate of compliance with the international standards is subject to annual confirmation during re-certification and certification audits.
In 2014, Reftinskaya GRES became a winner of the contest “Environmental Responsibility”, organized by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of Sverdlovsk region.
In 2015, Enel Russia announced the completion of a large-scale technical refurbishment of power units No. 4 and No. 5 (300 MW each) and power unit No. 7 (500 MW). Fabric filters with efficiency of 99.9% were installed at the power units. It will enable to prevent 40,000 tons of air polluting emissions in total per year at maximum load.
Modern advanced technologies, many of which were used in Russia for the first time, were applied during the technical refurbishment of the power units. Thus, 14,600 fabric bags were installed at all the 300 MW units and 16,800 fabric bags were mounted at one of the 500 MW units with a purpose to ensure optimal flue gas purification regimes. Alongside with that, as a part of modernization activities, power unit No. 5 received low-emission burners enabling to reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides. In addition to improving the environmental performance of the power units, the modernization has also improved the reliability and efficiency of the equipment operation.
Another large-scale project implemented at the power plant was installation of a dry ash removal system (DARS), which prevented the cutting of hundreds of hectares of forests for a new ash disposal area, and allowed to use ash for industrial purposes;, in particular in the construction industry.
In 2015, in the year of the 45th anniversary since the first unit commissioning, Reftinskaya GRES produced 850 billionth kWh of electricity.
Power plant management:
Sergey Zamyatin, Director of Reftinskaya GRES branch of PJSC Enel Russia.
Pavel Bebenin, Chief Engineer - Deputy Director of Production of Reftinskaya GRES branch of PJSC Enel Russia
REFTINSKAYA GRES BRANCH OF PJSC ENEL RUSSIA
Power Plant Director
Reftinskiy, Asbest, Sverdlov Region, Russia, 624285